Aboriginal Children in Quebec – Literature Review

Copyright : François Léger-Savard

If it would help the community, I would put all their problems inside me, so only I would bear them. […]. If I were a magician, that’s what I would do, and I would leave here with all their problems so they could be happy.
Words of a young Atikamekw*

Project duration :  2015

The Bureau has long been interested in the reality of aboriginal children. Thanks to the support of the Department of Justice Canada, the Bureau has initiated a review of the literature on the situation of aboriginal children in Quebec. Over 100 documents, including research reports, scientific articles and studies led by aboriginal organisations, were analysed with the aim of painting the most detailed picture possible of the situation of Inuit and First Nations children, as well as of the obstacles to and violations of their rights.

In compiling this data, the Bureau focused on five analytical perspectives on children’s rights, namely:

  • Status and identity
  • Health
  • Education
  • Protection and justice
  • Participation

The results of this document review demonstrate that special, culture-specific measures must be implemented so that aboriginal children, like other children in Quebec, can freely exercise their rights. This review is only the first step in a project aimed at the creation of an accessible reference guide that will use concrete examples to illustrate the way children’s rights apply to aboriginal children in Quebec. The goal is to help equip service providers (social workers, justice personnel, security forces, education and health professionals, etc.), decision-makers and First Nations peoples and their children with the tools they need to apply children’s rights in their reality.


* Jocelyne Pronovost et al. “Le point de vue d’adolescents atikamekw sur les problèmes psychosociaux qui touchent les jeunes de leur communauté” (The perspective of Atikamekw youth on the psychosocial problems that affect young people in their community”) in Vivre ensemble et éducation dans les sociétés multiculturelles (Living Together and Education in Multicultural Societies) under the leadership of Claude Carpentier and Emile-Henri Riard, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2010, p. 50.

  • Intervention locations : Québec
  • Project duration: 2015
  • Partners :
    • Department of Justice Canada
    • Assembly of the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador
    • Quebec Native Women Inc.
  • Highlights:
    • Creation of a document that will serve as a reference guide for the IBCR and anyone interested in the subject
  • Fields of activity and expertise :
    • Applied research

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